Het voorbeeld dat c programmering gebruikt wijst dynamisch een serie van structuren aan de namen en de rang van de opslagstudent toe. De rangen worden dan getoond terug naar de gebruiker in het stijgen orde.

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Het volgende voorbeeld wijst dynamisch een serie van structuren aan de namen en de rang van opslagstudenten toe. De rangen worden dan getoond terug naar de gebruiker in het stijgen orde.

#include <string.h>
#include <malloc.h>

struct student
{
char *name;
int grade;
};

void swap(struct student *x, struct student *y);

int main()
{
struct student *group;
char buffer[80];
int spurious;
int inner, outer;
int counter, numStudents;

printf("How many students are there in the group: ");
scanf("%d", &numStudents);

group = (struct student *)malloc(numStudents *
sizeof(struct student));

for (counter=0; counter<numStudents; counter++)
{
spurious = getchar();

printf("Enter the name of the student: ");
gets(buffer);
group[counter].name = (char *)malloc((strlen(buffer)+1) * sizeof(char));
strcpy(group[counter].name, buffer);

printf("Enter grade: ");
scanf("%d", &group[counter].grade);
}

for (outer=0; outer<numStudents; outer++)
for (inner=0; inner<outer; inner++)
if (group[outer].grade <
group[inner].grade)

swap(&group[outer], &group[inner]);

puts("The group in ascending order of grades ...");

for (counter=0; counter<numStudents; counter++)

printf("%s achieved Grade %d \n”,
group[counter].name,
group[counter].grade);

return 0;
}

void swap(struct student *x, struct student *y)
{
struct student temp;

temp.name = (char *)malloc((strlen(x->name)+1) *
sizeof(char));

strcpy(temp.name, x->name);
temp.grade = x->grade;

x->grade = y->grade;
x->name = (char *)malloc((strlen(y->name)+1) *
sizeof(char));
strcpy(x->name, y->name);
y->grade = temp.grade;
y->name = (char *)malloc((strlen(temp.name)+1) *
sizeof(char));
strcpy(y->name, temp.name);
}

 

De uitvoering van de output zal als volgt zijn:

How many students are there in the group: 4
Enter the name of the student: Anuraaj
Enter grade: 7
Enter the name of the student: Honey
Enter grade: 2
Enter the name of the student: Meetushi
Enter grade: 1
Enter the name of the student: Deepti
Enter grade: 4
The group in ascending order of grades ...

Meetushi achieved Grade 1
Honey achieved Grade 2
Deepti achieved Grade 4
Anuraaj achieved Grade 7

 

Sample Chapters from book DATA RECOVERY WITH AND WITHOUT PROGRAMMING by Author Tarun Tyagi
Data Recovery with & without Programming


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BPB Publications, New Delhi, India
540
81-7656-922-4
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